Although it was only in 1950 that the state capital was moved from overcrowded Cuttack to Bhubaneswar, the town's history goes back over 2000 years, as excavations at Sisuphal Garh, the remains of a ruined city, have shown. Beside the site of the capital of ancient Kalinga, Bhubaneswar is known as Temple Town and Cathedral City on account of its many temples in the extravagant Orissan style. They date from the 8th to the 13th century AD, and it is said that at one time the Bindu Sagar tank had over 7000 temples around it. Today, the tour guides tell you that there are only 500, but even this seems like a bit of an exaggeration . Only about a dozen are of real interest, including the great Lingaraj Temple. It's one of the most important temples in India, but unfortunately is closed to non-Hindus. During the last week of January the Tribal Festival is held here with dances, handicrafts and folk art on display.
A sword, a sermon or a chisel could shape and draw the outline of a historical age.The war,the religion,the architecture stood out to be the high passion for the people to live and flourish and in the process leave indelible signs to last for time to come. Bhubaneswar is one such place where once kings and emperors executed their missions,created landmarks,most of them are still evidence today.
The Evolution Of a Name
Over the span of time Bhubaneswar has been known by different names such as Kalinga Nagari (the city of Kalinga), Tribhubaneswar ( this seat of Lord of Univers), and Ekamra Kshetra. Also, according to so sanskrit texts, Bhubaneswar was once named "MANDIRA MALINIT" (one garlanded with temples). As reagrd to the name Ekamra Kshetra we hava number of evidences. The empgraphic sources like the Angul copper plate of King Santi Kardeva(8th Century AD); the Brahmeswar temple inscription (11th Century AD); some inscriptions in the Lingaraj temple; and the littercay sources like Utkala Khanda of the Skanda Purana, the Siva Purana and the Brahma Purna (14th to 15th Century AD), Kapila Samhita, Svarnadrimahodaya and Ekamra Chandrika (all of the 11th Century AD) describes Bhubneswar as Ekamra Kshetra or Ekamra Vana (Mango Forest). Some of the mythologies link Ekamra Vana with an interesting story of Lord Siva and Parvati. The Goddess Parvati crushes two demons to death in Ekamara Vana, and Lardo Siva creates a spring from Earth to quench the thirst of Goddess Parvati after her tiring battle with the demons. The most favourable evidence is the Chaitanya Bhagabat which states Bhubaneswar being the abode of Lord Siva or Lingaraj, who is also know as Bhubenswar (Lord of Bhuban or earth). So in due course of time as the religious influence has become more pronounced, and whole Kshetra (the Land - Presently, Bhubaneswar) has touched the psyche of the people as a "Saiva Pitha" (Shrine of Lord Siva), the name in ghe process of an evolution, has finally emerged as BHUBANESWAR.
Apiece of Geography on Earth(Location , Temperature , Climate , Rain Fall)
Bhubaneswar situtated between 21Deg. 15' North Latitude 85 Deg 15' Longitude. It is 45 met. or 146' above mean sea level (MSL). The max. mean temprature in the month of May is 38.8 deg. Celsius and min. in the month of December is 15.53 deg Celsius. The south-east monsoons reaches in June. The avarage annual rainfall is 150 Cms most of which recards in between June and Octorber. Overally the climate is neat and soothing except for an occasional rise in mercury as happend in last summers. Physiographically Bhubaneswar is situated in the eastern coastal plains of the Orissa and south-west of river Mahanadi whose tributaries like Kuakhai, Bhargavi and Daya wash the fingers of this city.